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Wednesday, 16 June 2010

Cromwell Lane - Tithe Map

The Warwickshire County Record Office holds an original copy of the 1841 Berkswell Tithe Map. This is a map of the entire parish of Berkswell, originally made for the purposes of taxation, which shows every field in the parish. Every field is identified on the map by a unique number. There is also an accompanying ledger, which lists all of these fields, and gives details of their field names, owners, occupants, and an indication of the type of crops being grown.

Some of the information from the Tithe Map and Ledger have been transribed onto the interactive map of Burton Green. Selecting the option 'Properties (1841)' will show the areas of the principal farms and cottages in Burton Green...

In 1841, much of the land along the Berkswell side of Cromwell Lane was owned by three women, Jane Lant, Sarah Coleman, and Jane Wright.

Sarah Coleman

Sarah Coleman can be found in the 1841 census. She was then aged 45, and described as a farmer. She had a son, Charles, aged 20. It appears as though she was widowed.

Quite by chance, her homestead is the same plot that was used for a test archaeological dig last Autumn, and some of the pottery and earthenware fragments discovered then may possibly have been hers: Garden Archaeology in Burton Green.

The 1851 census entry for Sarah Coleman shows that by 1851 she was living alone in a cottage in Windmill Lane (at the far end of Hob Lane). Her son, Charles Coleman, had moved away from Burton Green to follow a vocation in the Church of England.

Jane Lant

Jane Lant owned the land which includes Arnold Farm.

The home of the Lant family was at Nailcote Hall, which lies just a few fields away to the North-West. At the time of the 1841 census, Jane Lant was not living at Nailcote Hall. In 1841 Nailcote Hall was occupied by her brother-in-law, Richard Lant, and his family.

Related Posts

Garden Archaeology in Burton Green (at Sarah Coleman's Homestead)
Old Photographs, History and Memories of Burton Green School

Sunday, 6 June 2010

Moat Farm

Moat Farm in Hob Lane one of only two buildings in Burton Green referred to in Pevsner's Buildings of Warwickshire. The other building is Cromwell Cottage.

Pevsner doesn't use the phrase Burton Green. He refers to a Moat Farm, which he describes as being 2¾ miles SE of Temple Balsall.

There's merely a single sentence that says that Moat Farm is c1500, and has original roof timbers.

The Victoria County History of Warwickshire includes a paragraph about Moat Farm, which includes considerably more architectural detail:
"Moat Farm is a late-15th-century house almost complete. The plan is of modified T shape. The main block (the head of the T) about 50 ft. long faces east, and the back wing (or stem of the T) about 33 ft. long extends westwards. The former has a 15 ft. middle bay and south double bay of 18 ft. divided by original roof-trusses. These bays were probably a hall open from ground floor to roof. The two main trusses flanking the middle bay have chamfered and cambered tie-beams supported by heavy curved braces (one brace removed in the southern truss). The 18 ft. double bay is divided by a secondary truss with arched braces under a collar-beam. The side-purlins are supported by curved wind-braces forming pointed arches. A floor with chamfered beams and joists was inserted in the 16th century and a central chimney-stack built in south of the middle truss. The whole block has a single ridged roof from end to end but there is not visible evidence, at present, whether the 15 ft. northernmost bay was part of the hall or was always a two-storied wing. The walls are mostly of original close-set studding with curved braces and struts at the angles. The north gable-head is of square framing, the southern is plastered. Projecting windows in both stories of the front are of Elizabethan origin. The central chimney-stack had a wide fire-place with stone jambs and oak lintel. The southern fire-place on the upper floor has a four-centred stone arch. Above the roof are three diagonal shafts of thin bricks. The slightly lower west wing was the original kitchen and buttery and has walls of similar framing. The endmost chamber shows the original wide flat ceiling joists. The central chimney-stack of stone has a large fire-place. Above the roof it is modern. Around the house are the remains of a square moat, now nearly dry but said to have washed against the north side formerly. East of it is the byre with a timber-framed barn."

See Also

Cromwell Cottage

Tuesday, 1 June 2010

The Superpit

Deep beneath this part of Warwickshire lies a thick seam of high quality coal. The Warwickshire Thick Coal Seam consists of extremely high quality coal in a seam approximately 8 metres thick. The seam lies at a depth of 1100 metres.
The area is bounded in the West by a fault line, roughly near Berkswell, which depresses the coal seam to a much greater depth. To the South, the seam deepens slightly, to over 1200 meters South of Kenilworth, and then splits into 8 separate thinner seams.

In 1985, British Coal announced its intention to build Europe's biggest Super-Pit, here.

A map showing the Super-Pit area, with Cromwell Lane-Hob Lane running across its centre, was published on the front page of the Coventry Evening Telegraph.
The plan was to mine 115 square kilometers around Burton Green. This would have included the entire area beneath the town of Kenilworth.
There was some very strong local opposition to the plan.

The photo at the left shows Kenilworth residents marching to a rally held on the green outside Kenilworth Castle.

The article at the right, from the Coventry Telegraph, is a report of a speech given to local businessmen by the Energy Minister, Mr Peter Walker.

The Superpit also had the support of the Church of England.

This article reports the views of Rev Trevor Cooper, who lived in Tile Hill. You can click on the image to enlarge it.

The Church supported the project on the basis that a new coal mine would bring 600 jobs to Coventry.

Coventry Cathedral was also used for an exhibition of mining technology.

At a meeting between local Members of Parliament and the Chairman of British Coal, a British Coal spokesman, Peter Binns stated "There is no way we're not going ahead with this scheme".

You can enlarge the image at left, by clicking on it, and you may need to enlarge it further in your browser. The quote about "no way we're not going ahead with this scheme", is in the final column.

In recent years, because of the threat of HS2, it has been claimed, by some people who were not living here, that villagers 'defeated' the Coal Board at a public inquiry. This is not true.

About a year after the initial announcement, British Coal published the map, shown left, detailing the proposed railway sidings, the location of spoil heaps, etc.

Collapse of the Project

As far as I understand the situation, the price of UK deep-mined coal, became uneconomic, relative to the price of surface-mined coal, that could be imported from abroad. This was the reason why the project collapsed.

Not only did this particular scheme collapse, but a large number of mining jobs were lost throughout the entire country. The UK coal mining industry was decimated.